Is there a knob on the side of your big toe? Is it hard and bony? If that's the case, you may have a bunion and your Wheeling, IL, podiatrist can help.
What are bunions?
Bunions are a bone deformity that affect your metatarsophalangeal joint. They affect your walking because of friction and pressure that makes it painful to walk.
If you start to notice the joint of your big toe becoming larger, then you may be suffering from a bunion. Bunion protrusions can be very painful and other issues such as flat feet, foot injuries, and neuromuscular problems, which may contribute to their formation.
What are the causes of bunions?
The problem with bunions is that they can cause the formation of other toe deformities, such as hammertoes, bursitis, arthritis, corns, and calluses.
Bunions are usually formed because of tight, narrow shoes and high heels, occupational foot stress, genetics, and certain foot types, foot trauma, or injury, and rheumatoid arthritis.
How do you treat bunions?
Your Wheeling doctor may recommend an orthotic device designed to keep your toe in the proper position. If your doctor needs to take a more invasive approach, they may do the following:
- Straightening your foot and big toe
- Remove swollen tissue around the joint
- Fuse your big toe joints together
- Remove some bone in the big toe
Before resorting to surgery, there are conservative methods to help treat bunions, such as:
- Taping foot to support bunion and cushioning it
- Changing to wide, supportive shoes, or sandals, instead of tight, narrow shoes
- Orthotic device (over-the-counter and/or custom made)
- Certain exercises that help prevent stiffness or arthritis
- Splints for nighttime wear
- Wearing shoe inserts to cushion bunion and reduce friction
Need a consultation?
Bunions are painful. If you have any questions, or would like to schedule an appointment, just call your Wheeling, IL, podiatrist at (847) 215-1525 or (708) 484-3338 for our Berwyn location today!